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PROGRAMME

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Day 1 : Session 1 - Session 2
Day 2 : Session 3 - Session 4
Day 3 : Session 5






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8:00 AM - 8:30 AM

Welcoming of participants

8:30 AM - 8:50 AM

Opening of the conference
Bruno Latour (Vice-President of Sciences Po and Vice-President for research), Etienne Apaire (MILDT President)

9:00 AM - 9:15 AM

From observing to understanding the drug phenomenon
Jean-Michel Costes (OFDT Director), Henri Bergeron (Research Fellow - CSO CNRS Scientific coordinator of the Chair in Health Studies - Sciences Po), Maitena Milhet (Sociologist, OFDT)


Session 1 

Drug uses and contemporary culture
Under the chairmanship of Pr. Frédéric Rouillon, Chairman of the OFDT
Management Board

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Many researchers in social sciences have studied the meanings ascribed to drug uses in contemporary societies. They have sought to understand the interrelationships between drugs, their effects and the social imaginative world of an era. The talks of this first half-day will show if and how contemporary cultures ascribe meaning to drug uses and generate social norms which make drugs a possible recourse, be it positive or negative, during the construction of individual personality.

9:15 AM - 10:00 AM

Drug use: a social ritual? The example of tobacco
Randall Collins - Professor in sociology. University of Pennsylvania, United States

10 :00 AM - 10:15 AM

Discussion
Didier Lapeyronnie - Professeur in sociology, University of Paris Sorbonne, France

10:15 AM - 10:30 AM

Debate with the audience

10:30AM - 11h:00 AM

Coffee break

11:00 AM - 11:30 AM

Explaining illegal drug use and trafficking from the sociological standpoint, is it enough?
Michel Kokoreff - Lecturer in sociology, University of Paris Descartes, CESAMES - CNRS, France

11:30 AM - 11:45 AM

Discussion
Emmanuel Langlois – Lecturer in sociology, University of Victor Segalen Bordeaux 2, France

11:45 AM - 12:00

Debate with the audience

12:00 - 12:30 PM

Village culture, regional culture or state religion in Iran: three contrasting drug use regulation systems
Hassan Hosseini - Professor in sociology, University of Tehran

12:30 PM - 12:45 PM

Discussion
Jean-Yves Trépos - Professor in sociology, University of Metz, France

12:45 PM - 1:00 PM

Debate with the audience

1:00 PM - 2:30 PM

Lunch Break (Lunch not provided)


Session 2 

Drug sub-cultures : are there elective affinities between drugs and social exclusion?
Under the chairmanship of Christopher Luckett, Pompidou Group, Council of Europe

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Learning about drugs and their uses takes place in specific social and cultural contexts. They cannot be understood without taking into consideration the meaning that they assume in particular social groups. Singular sub-cultures regulate the patterns of use and the social relations around these uses. The study of drug sub-cultures has largely focused on the observation of underprivileged or marginalized social groups, or those living in unstable conditions (young people from deprived estates, homeless people, prisoners…). Belonging to these social groups, moreover, has often been conceived as a possible determining factor for drug use. Here, it is a matter of examining this elective affinity between drug use and social exclusion, by putting it into perspective in light of certain obvious counter-examples, namely drug use in social milieus with no social integration problems.

2:30 PM - 3:00 PM

Pleasurable substances and social marginality
Tom Decorte - Professor in criminology (ISD), University of Gand, Belgium

3:00 PM - 3:15 PM

Discussion
Catherine Reynaud-Maurupt, Sociologist - GRVS, France

3:15 PM - 3:30 PM

Debate with the audience

3:30 PM - 3:45 PM

Coffee break

3:45 PM - 4:15 PM

A photo-ethnographic perspective on homeless heroin injectors and crack smokers in San Fransisco
Philippe Bourgois - Professor in anthropology and history, University of Pennsylvania, United States

4:15 PM - 4:30 PM

Discussion
Laurent Laniel, Sociologist, EMCDDA, Portugal

4:30 PM - 4:45 PM

Debate with the audience

5:00 PM - 5:30 PM

Incrimination, criminalization, marginalization. Drug users faced with social exclusion
Patricia Bouhnik - lecturer in sociology, University of Amiens, France

5:30 PM - 5:45 PM

Discussion
Jane Fountain - Professor of substance use research University of Central Lancashire, United Kingdom

5:45 PM - 6:00 PM

Debate with the audience

Evening 7:00 PM

Cocktail dinner
Maison de l'Amérique latine

(Private entrance : 1 rue Saint Dominique 75007 Paris)






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Session 3 

Drugs and national culture : are we witnessing a convergence in drug use?
Under the chairmanship of Jean Michel Costes (OFDT Director)

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National cultures are often regarded as being decisive factors in the differentiation of the types and methods of drug use. The talks in this session will attempt to show that these factors today go beyond the mere framework of national cultures: age groups or affinities, for example, increasingly appear as key elements for understanding the development of similar uses in cultures that are quite different. Comparative analyses thus highlight strong national specificities, but also transnational constants, with certain authors concluding that the trend today is towards a certain standardization in drug uses in Europe and North America, if not throughout the entire world.

9 AM - 9:30 AM

Is youth a country ? An anthropological approach of substance abuse behaviours
Véronique Nahoum-Grappe - Anthropologist, IIAC, France

9:30 AM - 9:45 AM

Discussion
Stéphane Legleye, Statistician, OFDT, France

9:45 AM - 10:00 AM

Debate with the audience

10:00 AM - 10:30 AM

Drug use in Europe: specific national characteristics or shared models?
Wolfgang Götz - EMCDDA Director, Portugal

10:30 AM - 10:45 AM

Discussion
Dirk Korf - Professor in criminology, University of Amsterdam, Netherlands

10:45 AM - 11:00 AM

Debate with the audience

11:00 AM - 11:30 AM

Coffee break

11:30 AM - 12:00 AM

Drugs and techno culture: a trans-national phenomenon?
Geoffrey Hunt - Anthropologist. ISA, United States

12:00 - 12:15 PM

Discussion
François Beck - Statistician. INPES, France

12:15 PM - 12:30 PM

Debate with the audience

12:30 PM - 2:00 PM

Lunch (Lunch not provided)


Session 4 

Interpretation and awareness of drugs: a constantly changing social representation
Under the chairmanship of Bruno Latour, Vice-President of Sciences Po and Vice-President for research

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The knowledge that has been built up of drugs is derived from prior definitions varying according to history and cultures. These definitions are often imposed by groups which have been able to acquire a dominant position, at a given moment in history, or in a given geographical and cultural area. From this point of view, considering drug use as a ‘disease’ and, more recently, as an ‘addiction’ reflects the hegemony achieved by medicine throughout the Twentieth century in so-called modern societies. The talks in this session will examine the various influences of the medical paradigm in the understanding of drug uses, in the interpretation of such uses as deviant behaviour or a pathology, as well as in the more general construction of a certain knowledge base overshadowing other interpretative approaches to the phenomenon.

2:00PM - 2:30 PM

Medicalization and its Discontents
Peter Conrad - Professor in sociology. University of Brandeis, Massachussets, United States

2:30 PM - 2:45 PM

Discussion
Professor Didier Fassin Anthropologist - Sociologist - physician, University of Paris North - Director of Studies - EHESS, France

2:45 PM - 3:00 PM

Debate with the audience

3:00 PM - 3:30 PM

Epidemiology considered as a model : knowing ar ill-understanding drugs ?
Patrick Peretti-Watel - Sociologist Inserm ORS PACA, France

3:30 PM - 3:45 PM

Discussion
Cécile Lefèvre, researcher, Head of Survey Department, INED, France

3:45 PM - 4:00 PM

Debate with the audience

4:00 PM - 4:30 PM

Coffee break

4:30 PM - 5:00 PM

Drugs as a threat: mythology versus knowledge creation
Ross Coomber - Reader in Sociology, School of Law and Social Science University of Plymouth, United Kingdom

5:00 PM - 5:15 PM

Discussion
Maitena Milhet - Sociologist, OFDT, France

5:15 PM - 5:30 PM

Debate with the audience






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Session 5 

Regulation policies for the phenomenon: the cultural dynamics underpinning public responses
Under the chairmanship of Didier Tabuteau, Head of the Public Health Chair at Sciences Po

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Drugs and their uses have erected themselves as public issues, as a result of a process which associates or opposes, in an unequal and sometimes arbitrary way, many actors with contrasting motivations and reasoning - scientists, epidemiologists, doctors, police officers, persons in charge of administrative and political affairs, but also laymen, users, patients, etc. This process of interpretation whereby drugs are deemed a public issue leads to the recognition of social responsibility and the need for public intervention. What judgement criteria govern the definition of the phenomenon in Europe and in the international arena? Which factors determine the inclusion of drugs on the political agenda, along with the health or repressive approaches for the solutions adopted? What are the main features of the regulation approaches adopted accordingly?

9:00 AM - 9:30 AM

Modernity - anti-modernity: the cultural configuration of drug policies in Europe and the United States in the Nineteenth and Twentieth centuries.
David Courtwright - Professor in history, University of North Florida, United States

9:30 AM - 9:45 AM

Discussion
Timothy A. Hickman - Lecturer in History, Lancaster University, United Kingdom

9:45 AM - 10 AM

Debate with the audience

10 AM - 10:30 AM

European drug policies: which governance criteria? For which rationality?
Henri Bergeron - Research Fellow - CSO-CNRS-Scientific coordinator of the Public Health Chair at Sciences Po Paris, France

10:30 AM -10:45 AM

Daniel Sansfaçon Director, Policy, Research and Evaluation, National Crime Prevention Centre, Canada

10:45 AM - 11 AM

Debate with the audience

11:00AM - 11:30 AM

Coffee break

11:30 AM - 12 AM

Drug control policies: bases, impacts and alternatives
Peter Reuter - Professor of Public Policy, University of Maryland, United States

12 - 12 :15 PM

Discussion
Nacer Lalam - Economist, INHES, France

12:15 PM - 12:30 PM

Debate with the audience

12:30 PM - 13:00 PM

Closing of the conference
Robert Castel - Director of Studies EHESS, France




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Abbreviations

CESAMES

Research Center on Psychotrops, mental health, society

CSO-CNRS

Centre for the Sociology of Organizations - National Centre for Scientific Research

EHESS

School for Advanced studies in Social Sciences - Ecole des hautes études en sciences sociales

EMCDDA

European monitoring centre for drugs and drug addiction

GRVS

Research group on social vulnerability - Groupe de recherche sur la vulnérabilité sociale

IIAC

Anthropological Institute of Contemporary World - Institut interdisciplinaire d'anthropologie du contemporain

INED

National Institute of Demography Survey - Institut national d'études démographiques

INHES

National Institute of Higher Security Studies - Institut national des hautes études de sécurité

INPES

National Institute for Prevention and Health Education - Institut national de prévention et d'éducation pour la Santé

INSEE

National Institute for Statistics and Economic Studies - Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques

INSERM

National Institute of Health and Medical Research - Institut national de la santé et de la recherche médicale

ISA

Institute for Scientific Analysis

ISD

Institute for Social Drugs research

MILDT

Interdepartmental Mission for the Fight against Drugs and Drugs addiction - Mission interministérielle de lutte contre la drogue et la toxicomanie

MNHN

French national museum of natural history - Muséum national d’Histoire naturelle

NCPC

National Crime Prevention Centre - Centre national de prévention du crime

OFDT

French Monotoring Centre for drugs and drug addiction - Observatoire français des drogues et des toxicomanies -

ORS PACA

Regional Health Observatory Provence Alpes Côte d’Azur - Observatoire Régional de la Santé Provence-Alpes-Côte d’Azur



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